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What is the Green Card affidavit of support and why is it required

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The Affidavit of Support, typically USCIS Form I-864, is a crucial document required in the immigration process for marriage-based green cards. It is a legally enforceable contract where an individual (the sponsor) agrees to use their financial resources to support the intending immigrant named on the affidavit. 

The sponsor becomes responsible for financially supporting the immigrant until they become a U.S. citizen or accrue 40 quarters of work (usually 10 years).

The Affidavit of Support is required for various categories of family-based immigrants, including immediate relatives of U.S. citizens, family-preference immigrants, and employment-based preference immigrants under specific circumstances. It ensures that the intending immigrant will not become a public charge and provides financial security during the green card application process.

Failure to submit an Affidavit of Support with a green card application can lead to significant consequences, including denial of the application. The affidavit is a long-term commitment and is legally enforceable by the government to ensure that the sponsored immigrant does not rely on means-tested public benefits. Sponsors must meet specific financial requirements to demonstrate their ability to support the immigrant and their household without external assistance.

Overall, the Affidavit of Support plays a critical role in demonstrating financial stability and commitment in sponsoring an immigrant for a marriage-based green card, ensuring that the immigrant has adequate financial support upon entering the United States.

affidavit of support

What is the content of an affidavit of support?

The Affidavit of Support, typically USCIS Form I-864, is a crucial document in the immigration process for marriage-based green cards. The sponsor must prove that the immigrant will not become a public charge and provide necessary financial assistance.

Key contents and requirements of an Affidavit of Support include:

1.  Financial Responsibility: The sponsor agrees to provide financial support to the immigrant.

2.  Proof of Financial Ability: The sponsor must demonstrate the ability to support the immigrant by meeting specific income requirements.

3.  Form I-864 Submission: The sponsor submits Form I-864 to USCIS, providing identifying information, financial status, and other relevant details.

4.  Joint Sponsorship: In cases where the sponsor’s income is insufficient, a joint sponsor can be included to meet financial requirements.

5.  Assets Consideration: Besides income, assets like cash, stocks, bonds, and property can be used to meet financial obligations.

6.  Duration of Commitment: The sponsor’s financial responsibility lasts until the immigrant becomes a U.S. citizen, accrues 40 quarters of work, or passes away.

7.  Legal Enforceability: The Affidavit of Support is legally enforceable against the sponsor and any joint sponsors or contributing household members.

Submitting an accurate and complete Affidavit of Support is essential for ensuring the financial stability of the immigrant during the green card application process and avoiding potential issues with USCIS.

Continue reading: Benefits of obtaining a green card through marriage

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