How Queen Elizabeth II became the longest-reigning Monarch of England
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How Queen Elizabeth II became the longest-reigning Monarch of England

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The longest-reigning queen of England was Queen Elizabeth II, who spent 70 years and 7 months ruling the United Kingdom, making her reign the longest in British history

Queen Victoria reigned for 63 years and 216 days before passing the record to Queen Elizabeth II, who surpassed her reign on September 9, 2015

The longest-reigning king of England was King Henry III, who reigned for approximately 56 years.

Queen Elizabeth II

How Queen Elizabeth II surpassed Queen Victoria’s reign

Queen Elizabeth II surpassed Queen Victoria’s reign by serving as sovereign for 23,226 days, approximately 63 years and 7 months, making her the longest-reigning monarch in British history. Elizabeth took the throne at the age of 25, while Victoria became queen at 18. 

Both queens ruled during periods of significant transformation and were adept at modernizing the monarchy to align with public sentiment. Elizabeth’s reign has been characterized by technological advancements and social change, showcasing her deft political sense and leadership qualities. 

Despite facing challenges like Princess Diana’s death, Elizabeth’s reign has been marked by stability and service to the nation.

Some of the major events during Queen Elizabeth II’s reign

Some major events during Queen Elizabeth II’s reign include:

  • The invention of color TV in 1926 shortly after her birth.
  • Women in England, Scotland, and Wales were given the same voting rights as men in 1929.
  • Britain declared war on Germany in 1939, entering World War II.
  • India declared independence from Britain and was partitioned in 1947.
  • The National Health Service (NHS) was launched in 1948.
  • The September 11th Terrorist Attacks in 2001.
  • The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.
  • The birth of the World Wide Web in 1989.
  • Nelson Mandela’s elected as South Africa’s first president in 1994.
  • Princess Diana’s death in a car accident in 1997.
  • The UK voted to leave the European Union (Brexit) in 2016.
Queen Elizabeth II

How Queen Elizabeth II reign impacted the Commonwealth

Queen Elizabeth II’s reign had a significant impact on the Commonwealth. She demonstrated a strong commitment to the Commonwealth nations, which evolved from former British colonies into self-governing nations during her reign. 

Despite being a constitutional monarch with limited political power, Queen Elizabeth II used her influence to reinforce ties with the Commonwealth. Her dedication to the Commonwealth was evident through her extensive travels, attending Commonwealth Heads of Government meetings, and engaging in diplomatic efforts to strengthen relationships within the Commonwealth. 

Additionally, her role in foreign affairs, although constrained by constitutional limitations, showcased her diplomatic skills and commitment to fostering unity among Commonwealth nations. 

The Queen’s reign coincided with decolonization movements, and while she did not have direct involvement in colonization under her reign, the legacy of British colonialism was a complex issue that she navigated during her time as monarch.

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