Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
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Tuberculosis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

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Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection that usually affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body, such as the spine, kidneys, and brain. It is spread through the air when an infected person talks, coughs, or sneezes.

Symptoms of Tuberculosis

The symptoms of TB may vary depending on the part of the body that is infected. Some common symptoms of TB in the lungs may include:

  1. Persistent cough
  2. Chest pain
  3. Coughing up blood
  4. Weakness or fatigue
  5. Weight loss

Treatment of Tuberculosis

Treatment for TB typically involves a combination of antibiotics, which are taken for at least six months. It is important to complete the full course of treatment to ensure that the infection is fully cleared.


patient in hospital bed
Young man in hospital being cared for by nurse.

Some other measures that may be recommended to prevent the spread of TB include:

  1. Isolation: People with TB may need to be isolated to prevent the spread of the infection to others.
  1. Vaccination: The BCG vaccine can help protect against TB. It is typically given to children in areas with a high incidence of TB.

It’s important to see a healthcare provider for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. The provider can determine the underlying cause of the symptoms and recommend appropriate treatment options.

It is important to follow the treatment plan as directed to ensure that the infection is fully cleared and to prevent the development of drug-resistant TB.

Continue reading: What is Whooping Cough, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

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