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Gonorrhea is a popularly known sexually transmitted infection that is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is one of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infections globally.
Gonorrhea can affect both men and women and can be transmitted through unprotected vaginal, oral, or anal sex.
Symptoms of Gonorrhea
The symptoms in men include:
- pain during urination
- discharge from the genitals
- painful or swollen testicles
In women, symptoms may be milder and include:
- vaginal bleeding
- pain during sex
- abdominal pain
If left untreated, gonorrhea can cause serious health problems such as infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, and ectopic pregnancy.
Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible if you suspect you have gonorrhea.
In this article, we will discuss the different treatment options available for gonorrhea.
Treatment for Gonorrhea
Antibiotics are the most common treatment for gonorrhea. The treatment involves a single dose or a short course of antibiotics.
The type of antibiotics that will be prescribed will depend on the severity of the infection and als the patient’s medical history.
Antibiotics that are commonly used to treat gonorrhea include ceftriaxone, cefixime, and azithromycin. Antibiotics function by killing off the bacteria that cause gonorrhea.
It is important to complete the full course of antibiotics, even if the symptoms have disappeared. This ensures that all the bacteria are killed and reduces the risk of developing antibiotic-resistant strains of gonorrhea.
It is also important to avoid having sex during the treatment period and to inform your sexual partners to get tested and treated as well.
After completing the antibiotics course, it is also crucial to undergo follow-up testing to ensure that the infection has been completely cleared.
Follow-up testing is usually done after two weeks to confirm that the bacteria have been eliminated. If the follow-up test is positive, a repeat course of antibiotics may be necessary.
Partner Notification and Treatment
Since gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection, it is important to inform your sexual partners if you have been diagnosed with gonorrhea.
They should be tested and treated as well to prevent reinfection. It is recommended that all sexual partners within the past two months be notified and treated. If you are uncomfortable informing your sexual partners, you can ask your healthcare provider for assistance.
Also read: 10 Causes of Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
Abstinence may not be a treatment method, but it is another way to prevent the spread of gonorrhea. If you are sexually active, it is important to use condoms correctly and consistently to reduce the risk of infection.
Condoms are not 100% effective at preventing gonorrhoea, but they can significantly reduce the risk of transmission.
Preventive measures can also be taken to reduce the risk of contracting gonorrhea. These include:
- Getting vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) – HPV can increase the risk of contracting gonorrhea.
- Getting tested regularly for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) – Regular testing can detect STIs early and prevent complications.
- Practicing safe sex – Using condoms correctly and consistently can significantly reduce the risk of infection.
- Limiting the number of sexual partners – The more sexual partners you have, the higher the risk of contracting STIs.
- Avoiding alcohol and drug use during sexual activity – Alcohol and drug use can impair judgement and increase the risk of engaging in risky sexual behaviours.
Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection that can cause serious health problems if left untreated. Antibiotics are the most common treatment for gonorrhea.
It is important to complete the full course of antibiotics, undergo follow-up testing, and inform sexual partners if you have been diagnosed with gonorrheic. Preventive measures such as getting vaccinated against HPV and getting tested.
Continue reading: 8 ways to prevent Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) in men